Compression Therapy 101 – Understanding The Basics

compression therapy

How does compression therapy work? Therapists explains in simple words

Leg pain and inflammation are quite prevalent amongst a vast population. The most common reason is that we usually sit in the same position in the office for hours. After a while, blood flow reduces to these stagnant areas which cause pain and inflammation. To overcome these issues, compression therapy is being used widely. 

Compression therapy is a type of healing treatment that uses controlled pressure to increase the blood flow in the legs. This strengthens the vein structure and reduces swelling in the limbs. Compression therapy is executed by wearing stockings that are specifically designed to improve blood flow. The stockings contract the walls of the veins, allowing more passage for blood flow. Increased blood circulation reduces swelling and pain. 

How is Compression Therapy Carried Out?

Compression therapy is carried out through multiple devices and garments. Some of these devices are as follows:

Elastic Bandages

  • Elastic bandages are used for relieving mild to moderate pain in the limbs caused by immobility. The elasticity of these bandages is determined by the material used. Elastic bandages should be applied by a medical professional who knows what they are doing. If a bandage is wrapped loosely, it won’t have the same healing effect. If wrapped too tightly, it can hurt. 

Non-Elastic Bandages

These bandages are used for curing early decongestion in limbs and other parts. Non-elastic bandages are inundated with zinc paste which stiffens as it dries and exerts pressure on the target area. 

Multicomponent Bandage Systems

  • These bandage systems comprise multiple components such as padding, compression, and fixation. They are effective in achieving optimal pressure as they are equipped with multiple visual indicators. 

Compression Stockings

These stockings are the first line of action against ulcers. They are easy to put on and are usually available as over-the-counter products. They offer mid-level compression.  People with arthritis may require assistance in wearing them. 

What Are The Benefits of Compression Therapy?

  • The basic idea behind compression therapy is that by applying pressure, veins are expanded and blood flow is improved. This concept has been used by humans to heal wounds and relieve pain for a long time. Today, it has taken the more sophisticated and methodical form of compression therapy which uses over-the-counter affordable support hoses to doctor-prescribed high-end devices. 

The mode of compression therapy is determined by the severity of the condition and how much compression needs to administer to recover. Compression therapy has proven to be successful in relieving pain and in the prevention of certain diseases. Let us take a look at the numerous health benefits offered by compression therapy:

  • It prevents swelling in the legs for people who remain in the same position for a prolonged time. Such as during a long flight or those who have long working hours. 
  • Helps manage varicose veins during pregnancy. 
  • Venous thromboembolism is a medical disorder that is characterized by the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein. It usually occurs for people who are bedridden or remain immobile due to injury. Compression therapy can help reduce its occurrence and manage the symptoms. 
  • Helps heal leg ulcers and prevents their redevelopment.

What is The Working Mechanism of Compression Therapy Devices? 

Pneumatic compression devices are equipped with an air pump and inflatable garments. The air is pumped in to create intermittent compression for the legs and other body parts. These devices are available in the range of $100 to $1000. Some high-end devices can even cost $2000. 

This information has been brought to you by Ucryo & Recovery. 

Compression Therapy

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